The fall of Caen wasn’t easy. Indeed, Germans relentlessly defended the town. They built a fortification thanks to tanks in front of the town to prevent a frontal assault from the British and the Canadians. On June 7th and 8th, the assaults in front of Caen were repulsed by the German troops. On June 10th, Montgomery decided to launch a double attack to the north and the west of the town. Two troops took part in this operation: the Highlanders and the “Desert rats”. The first troop failed in the north of the town and the second one at Villiers-Bocage. The situation got stuck despite the successive assault operations led by General Montgomery. He organized different operations in order to take control of the town to the west. The use of armoured division by the Germans complicates task for the Allies. At the beginning of the month, General Montgomery decided to launch a direct attack on Caen. On July 7th, in the evening, an aerial bombardment started in the northern area of the town. On June 9th, the Canadians took possession of the surrounding towns and entered in the heart of Caen. However, German soldiers took refuge on the right bank and resisted. On June 19th, Canadians entered the area and released Caen for good. As the Germans were still established near the town, the operation “Goodwood” is launched in order to drive them away. The artificial port of Arromanches played an important role in this big-scale operation by permitting the arrival of reinforcement. The town of Caen endured important damages during the war especially because of numerous bombardments.